Ways of Knowing

An understanding of the experiences and worldviews of First Nations, Métis and Inuit involves the following terms, concepts and knowledge.

Experiences and Worldviews

  • Indigenous Knowledge and Pedagogy
    • Indigenous Ways of Knowing
    • Traditional ways of life
      • i.e., traditional forms of governance, sustenance, matriarchal vs patriarchal forms of power, language and culture, and indigenous economic systems
    • Nationhood (i.e. self-government)
    • Western Eurocentric paradigm vs Indigenous
    • Collectivism (vs Western Individualism)
  • Relationships
    • Laws of Relationships
      • i.e., Laws of Nature, Laws of Sacred Life, Laws of Mutual Support
    • Kinship
    • Sustainability
    • Holistic wellbeing

The First Nations, Métis and Inuit Professional Learning website provides educators with supports and tools to design and facilitate professional learning. It offers curricular resources that build capacity, engage learners and build paths toward reconciliation through education.

The Learning to Know pillar webpage provides a wide range of professional tools and supports to develop foundational knowledge and understandings of Indigenous peoples of Alberta and Canada. This webpage includes features to help you self-assess your capacity and a photo resource gallery with numerous links to sources, websites and resources.

Conversation Guides

Supporting Resources

Four Directions Teachings

Four Directions Teachings celebrates Indigenous oral traditions by honoring the process of listening with intent as each elder or traditional teacher shares a teaching from their perspective on the richness and value of cultural traditions from their nation.

In honour of the timelessness of Indigenous oral traditions, audio narration is provided throughout the site, complimented by beautifully animated visuals. In addition, the site provides free curriculum packages for grades 1 to 12 to further explore the vast richness of knowledge and cultural philosophy that is introduced within each teaching. The curriculum is provided in downloadable PDF and can also be read online through the Teacher’s Resources link.

Our Words, Our Ways: Teaching First Nations, Métis and Inuit Learners

This Alberta Education resource provides information about First Nations, Métis and Inuit cultures and perspectives, and sample strategies for meeting the needs and recognizing the gifts of students who are First Nations, Métis and Inuit.

Supporting First Nations, Métis and Inuit Student Success (with Debbie Mineault)

The focus of this four-part series is to address the question: “How do I develop appreciation and respect for First Nations, Métis and Inuit culture, history and worldview in my classroom?” Debbie Mineault provides a unique experience combining personal insights and infusion of First Nations, Métis and Inuit culture and language using Alberta’s programs of study, Our Words Our Ways and other resources. In this archived webinar series you have the opportunity to deepen your awareness of cultural beliefs that affect teacher choices.