An understanding of treaties and treaty relationships involves the following terms, concepts and knowledge.
- Recognition of treaty territory
- Acknowledgment of land, treaty flags, ancestral lands
- Treaties (Treaty 6, 7 and 8)
- Spirit and intent; sacred nature; short term and long term impacts on land and on people
- Agreements with Métis
This Government of Canada website provides a map, contact information and website links for First Nations of Treaty 6, 7 and 8. Alberta is home to 45 First Nations communities in three treaty areas. Treaties 6, 7 and 8 consist of a combined 140 reserves spread over 812,771 hectares of land.
Alberta Indigenous Relations provides a web-based interactive map of First Nations by treaty area as well as Métis Settlements.
Reconsidering the Universality of Nation and Nationality: Exploring Indigenous Notions of Land, Citizenship and Nation
During this presentation, Dwayne Donald addresses the ideas of identity, citizenship and nation within the Canadian context from the First Nations perspective. He explores, using specific examples, how First Nations in Canada belong but don’t belong in the constructed understanding of nationalism. This presentation sets the stage for further discussion on the concept of nationalism and its varied perceptions and meanings.
Stepping Stones is a publication of the Alberta Teachers’ Association Walking Together Project intended to support certificated teachers on their learning journey to meet the First Nations, Métis and Inuit Foundational Knowledge competency in the Teaching Quality Standard.
A treaty is a binding agreement between sovereign states that outlines each party’s rights, benefits and obligations. Across Canada, there are 11 numbered treaties between the Crown and First Nations, with Treaties 6, 7 and 8 encompassing most of Alberta. This map shows the approximate area of treaty land as there is no consensus between rights holders and stakeholders about exact treaty boundaries.